Intervals

If you want to play by ear, compose or improvise, you need to be able to recognise the sound of different intervals.

This section explains the theory and gives you useful ways to remember the different sounds. After each section is a series of interactive ear training exercises so you can practise and improve your skills.

There are 27 distinct intervals up to an octave and it often takes a few months' work to learn to understand and recognise all of them. You should work slowly through the following sections and be sure you have thoroughly understood the material you are studying before going on to the next part.

Understanding Intervals Part One

Understanding major and perfect intervals

Ear Training Exercises Part One

Level 1: Ascending Perfect Intervals
Level 2: Descending Perfect Intervals
Level 3: Harmonic Perfect Intervals
Level 4: Mixture of Ascending, Descending and Harmonic Perfect Intervals

Level 5: Ascending Major Intervals
Level 6: Descending Major Intervals
Level 7: Harmonic Major Intervals
Level 8: Mixture of Ascending, Descending and Harmonic Major Intervals

Level 9: Ascending Major and Perfect Intervals
Level 10: Descending Major and Perfect Intervals
Level 11: Harmonic Major and Perfect Intervals
Level 12: Mixture of Ascending, Descending and Harmonic Intervals

The remaining resources (covering minor, augmented, diminished, compound and inverted intervals) are for subscribers only. Click here to subscribe, or log in at the top of the page to view.